The last UK census in 2011 showed that Yorkshire had a population of 5.3 million people. Leeds was the third largest city in the United Kingdom with a population of 720,000 people and was followed by Sheffield in 5thand Bradford in 6th. For many years the centre of urban life in the county was York and for a time during the Roman Period, it even held joint status as the capital of the country.
During the civil war in 1664 York was besieged and the city was damaged. After the removal of the garrison in 1668 York lost its pre-eminence position as the trading centre of the county, as Leeds and Hull had better locations on the River Ouse. York continued to grow during the industrial revolution but not at the same rate as other cities in the county.